OpenLayers 3 Beginner’s Guide

Creating interactive styles

Open sample in a new windows

<!doctype html>
    <title>Geometry Examples</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="../assets/ol3/css/ol.css" type="text/css" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="../assets/css/samples.css" type="text/css" />
    <div id="map" class="map"></div>
    <script src="../assets/ol3/js/ol-debug.js"></script>

      var countries = new ol.layer.Vector({
        source: new ol.source.GeoJSON({
          projection: 'EPSG:3857',
          url: '../assets/data/countries.geojson'

      var center = ol.proj.transform([0, 0], 'EPSG:4326', 'EPSG:3857');

      var view = new ol.View({
        center: center,
        zoom: 1

      var map = new ol.Map({
        target: 'map',
        layers: [countries],
        view: view

      // we want to create text styles based on properties coming from a feature
      // to do this, we need to create a new style for each string that needs to
      // be represented.  All the text styles will share the same properties
      // except for the actual text itself. The properties can be set up ahead
      // of time in an object literal
      var baseTextStyle = {
        font: '12px Calibri,sans-serif',
        textAlign: 'center',
        offsetY: -15,
        fill: new{
          color: [0,0,0,1]
        stroke: new{
          color: [255,255,255,0.5],
          width: 4

      // when we move the mouse over a feature, we can change its style to
      // highlight it temporarily
      var highlightStyle = new{
        stroke: new{
          color: [255,0,0,0.6],
          width: 2
        fill: new{
          color: [255,0,0,0.2]
        zIndex: 1

      // the style function for the feature overlay returns
      // a text style for point features and the highlight
      // style for other features (polygons in this case)
      function styleFunction(feature, resolution) {
        var style;
        var geom = feature.getGeometry();
        if (geom.getType() == 'Point') {
          var text = feature.get('text');
          baseTextStyle.text = text;
          // this is inefficient as it could create new style objects for the
          // same text.
          // A good exercise to see if you understand would be to add caching
          // of this text style
          var isoCode = feature.get('isoCode').toLowerCase();
          style = new{
            text: new,
            image: new{
              src: '../assets/img/flags/'+isoCode+'.png'
            zIndex: 2
        } else {
          style = highlightStyle;

        return [style];

      var featureOverlay = new ol.FeatureOverlay({
        map: map,
        style: styleFunction

      // when the mouse moves over the map, we get an event that we can use
      // to create a new feature overlay from
      map.on('pointermove', function(browserEvent) {
        // first clear any existing features in the overlay
        var coordinate = browserEvent.coordinate;
        var pixel = browserEvent.pixel;
        // then for each feature at the mouse position ...
        map.forEachFeatureAtPixel(pixel, function(feature, layer) {
          // check the layer property, if it is not set then it means we
          // are over an OverlayFeature and we can ignore this feature
          if (!layer) {
          // test the feature's geometry type and compute a reasonable point
          // at which to display the text.
          var geometry = feature.getGeometry();
          var point;
          switch (geometry.getType()) {
          case 'MultiPolygon':
            var poly = geometry.getPolygons().reduce(function(left, right) {
              return left.getArea() > right.getArea() ? left : right;
            point = poly.getInteriorPoint().getCoordinates();
          case 'Polygon':
            point = geometry.getInteriorPoint().getCoordinates();
            point = geometry.getClosestPoint(coordinate);
          // create a new feature to display the text
          textFeature = new ol.Feature({
            geometry: new ol.geom.Point(point),
            text: feature.get('name'),
            isoCode: feature.get('iso_a2').toLowerCase()
          // and add it to the featureOverlay.  Also add the feature itself
          // so the country gets outlined